Japanese journal of infectious diseases, 2010; 63 (1) doi:
Affiliation: Airlangga University, Surabaya, East Java, Indonesia
Abstract: Japanese encephalitis virus (JEV) is a fatal disease in Asia. Pigs are considered to be the effective amplifying host for JEV in the peridomestic environment. Bali Island and Java Island in Indonesia provide a model to assess the effect of pigs on JEV transmission, since the pig density is nearly 100-fold higher in Bali than Java, while the geographic and climatologic environments are equivalent in these areas. We surveyed antibodies to JEV among 123 pigs in Mengwi (Bali) and 96 pigs in Tulungagung (East Java) in 2008 by the hemagglutination-inhibition (HAI) test. Overall prevalences were 49% in Bali and 6% in Java, with a significant difference between them (P < 0.001). Monthly infection rates estimated from age-dependent antibody prevalences were 11% in Bali and 2% in Java. In addition, 2-mercaptoethanol-sensitive antibodies were found only from Bali samples. Further, the average HAI antibody titer obtained from positive samples was significantly higher in Bali (1:52) than Java (1:10; P < 0.001). These results indicated that JEV transmission in nature is more active in Bali than East Java.
The top research papers for the subject are placed on the map. Studies form clusters based on semantic relation.
Size of the point represents relevance of the paper.
You can pan and zoom the graph using mouse and mouse wheel.
Right click on the paper to:
Left click on keyword to add it to search.
Sign up to create your own map!
Explore the real nature of Life Sciences.
Explore the Life Sciences from Big Data point of view.