Clinical evidence, 2007; 2007 doi:
Authors: Moran John S
Affiliation: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA, United States
Abstract: INTRODUCTION: In the UK, diagnoses rates for gonorrhoea in 2005 were 196/100,000 for 20-24 year old men, and 133/100,000 for 16-19 year old women. Co-infection with Chlamydia trachomatis is reported in 10-40% of people with gonorrhoea in the USA and UK. METHODS AND OUTCOMES: We conducted a systematic review and aimed to answer the following clinical questions: What are the effects of treatments for uncomplicated infections in men and non-pregnant women; and in pregnant women? What are the effects of treatments for disseminated gonococcal infection? What are the effects of dual treatment for gonorrhoea and chlamydia infection? We searched: Medline, Embase, The Cochrane Library and other important databases up to July 2006 (Clinical Evidence reviews are updated periodically, please check our website for the most up-to-date version of this review). We included harms alerts from relevant organisations such as the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) and the UK Medicines and Healthcare products Regulatory Agency (MHRA).
RESULTS: We found 21 systematic reviews, RCTs, or observational studies that met our inclusion criteria. We performed a GRADE evaluation of the quality of evidence for interventions.
CONCLUSIONS: In this systematic review we present information relating to the effectiveness and safety of the following interventions: antibiotic regimens (dual treatment, multiple dose, single dose).
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