Noninvasive brain stimulation protocols in the treatment of epilepsy: current state and perspectives.

Neurotherapeutics : the journal of the American Society for Experimental NeuroTherapeutics, 2009; 6 (2) doi:10.1016/j.nurt.2009.01.003

Authors: Nitsche Michael A, Paulus Walter

Affiliation: Georg-August-University, Göttingen, Germany

Abstract: In epileptic seizures, there is an enhanced probability of neuronal networks to fire synchronously at high frequency, initiated by a paroxysmal depolarisation shift. Reducing neuronal excitability is a common target of antiepileptic therapies. Beyond or in addition to pharmacological interventions, excitability-reducing brain stimulation is pursued as an alternative therapeutic approach. Hereby, noninvasive brain stimulation tools, such as transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) and transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS), have gained increased interest as efficient tools to modulate cortical excitability and activity. In animal models, stimulation-induced cortical excitability diminution has been shown to be suited to reduce seizures. Clinical studies conducted to date, however, have shown mixed results. Reasons for this, as well as possible optimization strategies that might lead to more efficient future stimulation protocols, will be discussed.

Related patents


Map of newest papers for: stimulation brain noninvasive

The top research papers for the subject are placed on the map. Studies form clusters based on semantic relation.

Size of the point represents relevance of the paper.

You can pan and zoom the graph using mouse and mouse wheel.

Right click on the paper to:

  • a) open the paper
  • b) to open first author’s resume page.

Left click on keyword to add it to search.

Sign up to create your own map!