Dealing with waterborne disease in Canada: challenges in the delivery of safe drinking water.

Reviews on environmental health, 2008; 23 (2) doi:

Authors: Maal-Bared R, Bartlett K H, Bowie W R

Affiliation: University of British Columbia, Canada

Abstract: Protecting the public from waterborne diseases is an environmental health responsibility that every government worldwide must deal with. Canada's recent experience with waterborne outbreaks has brought the effectiveness of its water-monitoring and treatment systems under scrutiny. This paper focuses on microbial waterborne diseases and the shortcomings of drinking-water systems, dividing them into source control, monitoring, treatment, and operation, epidemiologic, and risk communication issues. Whereas some of these issues are often addressed, others, such as risk communication issues, are less frequently included in drinking water-management plans. Lessons can be learned from the Canadian experience, as these issues are applicable worldwide and especially in the developed world.

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