Leinonen M

Top coauthors of Leinonen M

Saikku P (77 papers)

Mäkelä P H (30 papers)

Bloigu A (23 papers)

Herva E (15 papers)

Eskola J (15 papers)

List of Leinonen M publications

2011

Lajunen T, Bloigu A, Paldanius M, Pouta A, Laitinen J, et al. 2011. "The association of body mass index, waist and hip circumference, and waist-hip ratio with Chlamydia pneumoniae IgG antibodies and high-sensitive C-reactive protein at 31 years of age in Northern Finland Birth Cohort 1966." International journal of obesity (2005) 35 (12) doi:10.1038/ijo.2011.21
Alfakry H, Paju S, Sinisalo J, Nieminen M S, Valtonen V, et al. 2011. "Periodontopathogen- and host-derived immune response in acute coronary syndrome." Scandinavian journal of immunology 74 (4) doi:10.1111/j.1365-3083.2011.02584.x
Liukkonen T, Räsänen P, Jokelainen J, Leinonen M, Järvelin M-R, et al. 2011. "The association between anxiety and C-reactive protein (CRP) levels: results from the Northern Finland 1966 birth cohort study." European psychiatry : the journal of the Association of European Psychiatrists 26 (6) doi:10.1016/j.eurpsy.2011.02.001
Joensuu H, Sperinde J, Leinonen M, Huang W, Weidler J, et al. 2011. "Very high quantitative tumor HER2 content and outcome in early breast cancer." Annals of oncology : official journal of the European Society for Medical Oncology / ESMO 22 (9) doi:10.1093/annonc/mdq710
Rantala A, Lajunen T, Juvonen R, Paldanius M, Silvennoinen-Kassinen S, et al. 2011. "Interleukin-6-174 G/C promoter polymorphism is associated with persistence of Chlamydia pneumoniae antibodies in young men." Scandinavian journal of immunology 74 (1) doi:10.1111/j.1365-3083.2011.02542.x
Jartti T, Kuneinen S, Lehtinen P, Peltola V, Vuorinen T, et al. 2011. "Nasopharyngeal bacterial colonization during the first wheezing episode is associated with longer duration of hospitalization and higher risk of relapse in young children." European journal of clinical microbiology & infectious diseases : official publication of the European Society of Clinical Microbiology 30 (2) doi:10.1007/s10096-010-1075-z

2010

Rantala A, Lajunen T, Juvonen R, Bloigu A, Paldanius M, et al. 2010. "Chlamydia pneumoniae infection is associated with elevated body mass index in young men." Epidemiology and infection 138 (9) doi:10.1017/S0950268809991452
Pradhan-Palikhe P, Vikatmaa P, Lajunen T, Palikhe A, Lepäntalo M, et al. 2010. "Elevated MMP-8 and decreased myeloperoxidase concentrations associate significantly with the risk for peripheral atherosclerosis disease and abdominal aortic aneurysm." Scandinavian journal of immunology 72 (2) doi:10.1111/j.1365-3083.2010.02418.x
Joensuu H, Sailas L, Alanko T, Sunela K, Huuhtanen R, et al. 2010. "Docetaxel versus docetaxel alternating with gemcitabine as treatments of advanced breast cancer: final analysis of a randomised trial." Annals of oncology : official journal of the European Society for Medical Oncology / ESMO 21 (5) doi:10.1093/annonc/mdp397

2009

Nissinen H, Kuoppamäki M, Leinonen M, Schapira A H 2009. "Early versus delayed initiation of entacapone in levodopa-treated patients with Parkinson's disease: a long-term, retrospective analysis." European journal of neurology : the official journal of the European Federation of Neurological Societies 16 (12) doi:10.1111/j.1468-1331.2009.02726.x
Poikonen K, Lajunen T, Silvennoinen-Kassinen S, Leinonen M, Saikku P 2009. "Effects of CD14, TLR2, TLR4, LPB, and IL-6 gene polymorphisms on Chlamydia pneumoniae growth in human macrophages in vitro." Scandinavian journal of immunology 70 (1) doi:10.1111/j.1365-3083.2009.02267.x
Haukkamaa L, Moilanen L, Kattainen A, Luoto R, Kahonen M, et al. 2009. "Pre-eclampsia is a risk factor of carotid artery atherosclerosis." Cerebrovascular diseases (Basel, Switzerland) 27 (6) doi:10.1159/000216834

2008

Korppi M, Leinonen M, Ruuskanen O 2008. "Pneumococcal serology in children's respiratory infections." European journal of clinical microbiology & infectious diseases : official publication of the European Society of Clinical Microbiology 27 (3) doi:10.1007/s10096-007-0436-8
Juvonen R, Bloigu A, Paldanius M, Peitso A, Silvennoinen-Kassinen S, et al. 2008. "Acute Chlamydia pneumoniae infections in asthmatic and non-asthmatic military conscripts during a non-epidemic period." Clinical microbiology and infection : the official publication of the European Society of Clinical Microbiology and Infectious Diseases 14 (3) doi:10.1111/j.1469-0691.2007.01898.x
Poikonen K, Lajunen T, Silvennoinen-Kassinen S, Paldanius M, Leinonen M, Saikku P 2008. "Susceptibility of human monocyte-macrophages to Chlamydia pneumoniae infection in vitro is highly variable and associated with levels of soluble CD14 and C. pneumoniae IgA and human HSP-IgG antibodies in serum." Scandinavian journal of immunology 67 (3) doi:10.1111/j.1365-3083.2007.02061.x

2006

Harju T H, Leinonen M, Nokso-Koivisto J, Korhonen T, Räty R, et al. 2006. "Pathogenic bacteria and viruses in induced sputum or pharyngeal secretions of adults with stable asthma." Thorax 61 (7) doi:10.1136/thx.2005.056291
Lehtinen P, Jartti T, Virkki R, Vuorinen T, Leinonen M, et al. 2006. "Bacterial coinfections in children with viral wheezing." European journal of clinical microbiology & infectious diseases : official publication of the European Society of Clinical Microbiology 25 (7) doi:10.1007/s10096-006-0166-3
Hahn G A, Penka D, Gehrlich C, Messias A, Weismann M, et al. 2006. "New standardised texts for assessing reading performance in four European languages." The British journal of ophthalmology 90 (4) doi:10.1136/bjo.2005.087379
Alvesalo J, Vuorela H, Tammela P, Leinonen M, Saikku P, Vuorela P 2006. "Inhibitory effect of dietary phenolic compounds on Chlamydia pneumoniae in cell cultures." Biochemical pharmacology 71 (6) doi:10.1016/j.bcp.2005.12.006
Zhu J, Davidson M, Leinonen M, Saikku P, Gaydos C A, et al. 2006. "Prevalence and persistence of antibodies to herpes viruses, Chlamydia pneumoniae and Helicobacter pylori in Alaskan Eskimos: the GOCADAN Study." Clinical microbiology and infection : the official publication of the European Society of Clinical Microbiology and Infectious Diseases 12 (2) doi:10.1111/j.1469-0691.2005.01319.x

2005

Wahlgren H, Mortensson W, Eriksson M, Finkel Y, Forsgren M, Leinonen M 2005. "Radiological findings in children with acute pneumonia: age more important than infectious agent." Acta radiologica (Stockholm, Sweden : 1987) 46 (4) doi:

2004

Erkkilä L, Laitinen K, Haasio K, Tiirola T, Jauhiainen M, et al. 2004. "Heat shock protein 60 autoimmunity and early lipid lesions in cholesterol-fed C57BL/6JBom mice during Chlamydia pneumoniae infection." Atherosclerosis 177 (2) doi:10.1016/j.atherosclerosis.2004.08.021
Karinen L, Pouta A, Hartikainen A-L, Bloigu A, Paldanius M, et al. 2004. "Antibodies to Chlamydia trachomatis heat shock proteins Hsp60 and Hsp10 and subfertility in general population at age 31." American journal of reproductive immunology (New York, N.Y. : 1989) 52 (5) doi:10.1111/j.1600-0897.2004.00223.x
Karinen L, Pouta A, Hartikainen A L, Bloigu A, Paldanius M, et al. 2004. "Association between Chlamydia trachomatis antibodies and subfertility in the Northern Finland Birth Cohort 1966 (NFBC 1966), at the age of 31 years." Epidemiology and infection 132 (5) doi:
Törmäkangas L, Saario E, Bem David D, Bryskier A, Leinonen M, Saikku P 2004. "Treatment of acute Chlamydia pneumoniae infection with telithromycin in C57BL/6J mice." The Journal of antimicrobial chemotherapy 53 (6) doi:10.1093/jac/dkh213
Saukkoriipi A, Leskelä K, Herva E, Leinonen M 2004. "Streptococcus pneumoniae in nasopharyngeal secretions of healthy children: comparison of real-time PCR and culture from STGG-transport medium." Molecular and cellular probes 18 (3) doi:10.1016/j.mcp.2003.11.003
Lankinen K S, Rintamäki S, Syrjänen R, Kilpi T, Ruutu P, Leinonen M 2004. "Type-specific enzyme immunoassay for detection of pneumococcal capsular polysaccharide antigens in nasopharyngeal specimens." Journal of microbiological methods 56 (2) doi:
Sävykoski T, Harju T, Paldanius M, Kuitunen H, Bloigu A, et al. 2004. "Chlamydia pneumoniae infection and inflammation in adults with asthma." Respiration; international review of thoracic diseases 71 (2) doi:10.1159/000076671

2003

Larsen J P, Worm-Petersen J, Sidén A, Gordin A, Reinikainen K, Leinonen M 2003. "The tolerability and efficacy of entacapone over 3 years in patients with Parkinson's disease." European journal of neurology : the official journal of the European Federation of Neurological Societies 10 (2) doi:

2002

Reunanen A, Roivainen M, Kleemola M, Saikku P, Leinonen M, et al. 2002. "Enterovirus, mycoplasma and other infections as predictors for myocardial infarction." Journal of internal medicine 252 (5) doi:
Kaijalainen Tarja, Rintamäki S, Herva E, Leinonen M 2002. "Evaluation of gene-technological and conventional methods in the identification of Streptococcus pneumoniae." Journal of microbiological methods 51 (1) doi:
Rintamäki S, Saukkoriipi A, Salo P, Takala A, Leinonen M 2002. "Detection of Streptococcus pneumoniae DNA by using polymerase chain reaction and microwell hybridization with Europium-labelled probes." Journal of microbiological methods 50 (3) doi:
Airenne S, Surcel H-M, Tuukkanen J, Leinonen M, Saikku P 2002. "Chlamydia pneumoniae inhibits apoptosis in human epithelial and monocyte cell lines." Scandinavian journal of immunology 55 (4) doi:
Poewe W H, Deuschl G, Gordin A, Kultalahti E-R, Leinonen M 2002. "Efficacy and safety of entacapone in Parkinson's disease patients with suboptimal levodopa response: a 6-month randomized placebo-controlled double-blind study in Germany and Austria (Celomen study)." Acta neurologica Scandinavica 105 (4) doi:
Tiirola T, Erkkilä L, Laitinen K, Leinonen M, Saikku P, et al. 2002. "Effect of acute Chlamydia pneumoniae infection on lipoprotein metabolism in NIH/S mice." Scandinavian journal of clinical and laboratory investigation 62 (6) doi:

2001

Leino T, Auranen K, Jokinen J, Leinonen M, Tervonen P, Takala A K 2001. "Pneumococcal carriage in children during their first two years: important role of family exposure." The Pediatric infectious disease journal 20 (11) doi:
Juvén T, Mertsola J, Toikka P, Virkki R, Leinonen M, Ruuskanen O 2001. "Clinical profile of serologically diagnosed pneumococcal pneumonia." The Pediatric infectious disease journal 20 (11) doi:
Mosorin M, Juvonen J, Biancari F, Satta J, Surcel H M, et al. 2001. "Use of doxycycline to decrease the growth rate of abdominal aortic aneurysms: a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled pilot study." Journal of vascular surgery 34 (4) doi:10.1067/mva.2001.117891
Quataert S, Martin D, Anderson P, Giebink G S, Henrichsen J, et al. 2001. "A multi-laboratory evaluation of an enzyme-linked immunoassay quantitating human antibodies to Streptococcus pneumoniae polysaccharides." Immunological investigations 30 (3) doi:
Lieberman D, Lieberman D, Ben-Yaakov M, Lazarovich Z, Hoffman S, et al. 2001. "Infectious etiologies in acute exacerbation of COPD." Diagnostic microbiology and infectious disease 40 (3) doi:
Huittinen T, Hahn D, Anttila T, Wahlström E, Saikku P, Leinonen M 2001. "Host immune response to Chlamydia pneumoniae heat shock protein 60 is associated with asthma." The European respiratory journal 17 (6) doi:
Jokinen C, Heiskanen L, Juvonen H, Kallinen S, Kleemola M, et al. 2001. "Microbial etiology of community-acquired pneumonia in the adult population of 4 municipalities in eastern Finland." Clinical infectious diseases : an official publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America 32 (8) doi:10.1086/319746
Lim W S, Macfarlane J T, Boswell T C, Harrison T G, Rose D, et al. 2001. "Study of community acquired pneumonia aetiology (SCAPA) in adults admitted to hospital: implications for management guidelines." Thorax 56 (4) doi:
Aalto-Setälä K, Laitinen K, Erkkilä L, Leinonen M, Jauhiainen M, et al. 2001. "Chlamydia pneumoniae does not increase atherosclerosis in the aortic root of apolipoprotein E-deficient mice." Arteriosclerosis, thrombosis, and vascular biology 21 (4) doi:
Macfarlane J, Holmes W, Gard P, Macfarlane R, Rose D, et al. 2001. "Prospective study of the incidence, aetiology and outcome of adult lower respiratory tract illness in the community." Thorax 56 (2) doi:
Yang Y, Shen X, Vuori-Holopainen E, Leboulleux D, Wang Y J, et al. 2001. "Seroetiology of acute lower respiratory infections among hospitalized children in Beijing." The Pediatric infectious disease journal 20 (1) doi:
Myllylä V V, Kultalahti E R, Haapaniemi H, Leinonen M 2001. "Twelve-month safety of entacapone in patients with Parkinson's disease." European journal of neurology : the official journal of the European Federation of Neurological Societies 8 (1) doi:

2000

Kontiokari T, Renko M, Kaijalainen T, Kuisma L, Leinonen M 2000. "Comparison of nasal swab culture, quantitative culture of nasal mucosal tissue and PCR in detecting Streptococcus pneumoniae carriage in rats." APMIS : acta pathologica, microbiologica, et immunologica Scandinavica 108 (11) doi:
Toikka P, Juvén T, Virkki R, Leinonen M, Mertsola J, Ruuskanen O 2000. "Streptococcus pneumoniae and Mycoplasma pneumoniae coinfection in community acquired pneumonia." Archives of disease in childhood 83 (5) doi:
Toikka P, Irjala K, Juvén T, Virkki R, Mertsola J, et al. 2000. "Serum procalcitonin, C-reactive protein and interleukin-6 for distinguishing bacterial and viral pneumonia in children." The Pediatric infectious disease journal 19 (7) doi:
Leinonen M 2000. "Chlamydia pneumoniae and other risk factors for atherosclerosis." The Journal of infectious diseases 181 Suppl 3 doi:10.1086/315624
Juvén T, Mertsola J, Waris M, Leinonen M, Meurman O, et al. 2000. "Etiology of community-acquired pneumonia in 254 hospitalized children." The Pediatric infectious disease journal 19 (4) doi:
Roivainen M, Viik-Kajander M, Palosuo T, Toivanen P, Leinonen M, et al. 2000. "Infections, inflammation, and the risk of coronary heart disease." Circulation 101 (3) doi:
Jäger L, Laurikainen K, Leinonen M, Silvasti M 2000. "Beclomethasone dipropionate Easyhaler is as effective as budesonide Turbohaler in the control of asthma and is preferred by patients. German Study Group." International journal of clinical practice 54 (6) doi:
Ordén M R, Leinonen M, Kirkinen P 2000. "Contrast-enhanced ultrasonography of uteroplacental circulation does not evoke harmful CTG changes or perinatal events." Fetal diagnosis and therapy 15 (3) doi:20993
Leinonen M, Saikku P 2000. "Infections and atherosclerosis." Scandinavian cardiovascular journal : SCJ 34 (1) doi:
Koskela T, Hedman J, Ekroos H, Kauppinen R, Leinonen M, et al. 2000. "Equivalence of two steroid-containing inhalers: easyhaler multidose powder inhaler compared with conventional aerosol with large-volume spacer." Respiration; international review of thoracic diseases 67 (2) doi:29486
Scott J A, Hall A J, Leinonen M 2000. "Validation of immune-complex enzyme immunoassays for diagnosis of pneumococcal pneumonia among adults in Kenya." Clinical and diagnostic laboratory immunology 7 (1) doi:

1999

Mathers K, Leinonen M, Goldblatt D 1999. "Antibody response to outer membrane proteins of Moraxella catarrhalis in children with otitis media." The Pediatric infectious disease journal 18 (11) doi:
Leinonen M, Saikku P 1999. "Interaction of Chlamydia pneumoniae infection with other risk factors of atherosclerosis." American heart journal 138 (5 Pt 2) doi:
Kontiokari T, Svanberg M, Mattila P, Leinonen M, Uhari M 1999. "Quantitative analysis of the effect of xylitol on pneumococcal nasal colonisation in rats." FEMS microbiology letters 178 (2) doi:
Torzillo P, Dixon J, Manning K, Hutton S, Gratten M, et al. 1999. "Etiology of acute lower respiratory tract infection in Central Australian Aboriginal children." The Pediatric infectious disease journal 18 (8) doi:
Honkanen P O, Keistinen T, Miettinen L, Herva E, Sankilampi U, et al. 1999. "Incremental effectiveness of pneumococcal vaccine on simultaneously administered influenza vaccine in preventing pneumonia and pneumococcal pneumonia among persons aged 65 years or older." Vaccine 17 (20-21) doi:
Salo P, Laitinen K, Leinonen M 1999. "Detection of Pneumococcus from whole blood, buffy coat and serum samples by PCR during bacteremia in mice." APMIS : acta pathologica, microbiologica, et immunologica Scandinavica 107 (6) doi:
Salo P, Leinonen M 1999. "Microbiological investigations." Seminars in respiratory infections 14 (2) doi:
Von Hertzen L, Töyrylä M, Gimishanov A, Bloigu A, Leinonen M, et al. 1999. "Asthma, atopy and Chlamydia pneumoniae antibodies in adults." Clinical and experimental allergy : journal of the British Society for Allergy and Clinical Immunology 29 (4) doi:
Sombrero L, Sunico M E, Quiambao B, Lucero M, Gatchalian S, et al. 1999. "Reliability of parental history of antibiotic use for Filipino children admitted with acute lower respiratory tract infection." The American journal of tropical medicine and hygiene 60 (3) doi:
Toikka P, Nikkari S, Ruuskanen O, Leinonen M, Mertsola J 1999. "Pneumolysin PCR-based diagnosis of invasive pneumococcal infection in children." Journal of clinical microbiology 37 (3) doi:
Wubbel L, Muniz L, Ahmed A, Trujillo M, Carubelli C, et al. 1999. "Etiology and treatment of community-acquired pneumonia in ambulatory children." The Pediatric infectious disease journal 18 (2) doi:
Lankinen K S, Ruutu P, Nohynek H, Lucero M, Paton J C, Leinonen M 1999. "Pneumococcal pneumonia diagnosis by demonstration of pneumolysin antibodies in precipitated immune complexes: a study in 350 Philippine children with acute lower respiratory infection." Scandinavian journal of infectious diseases 31 (2) doi:
Laurila A, Bloigu A, Näyhä S, Hassi J, Leinonen M, Saikku P 1999. "Association of Helicobacter pylori infection with elevated serum lipids." Atherosclerosis 142 (1) doi:

1998

Heiskanen-Kosma T, Korppi M, Jokinen C, Kurki S, Heiskanen L, et al. 1998. "Etiology of childhood pneumonia: serologic results of a prospective, population-based study." The Pediatric infectious disease journal 17 (11) doi:
Korppi M, Leinonen M 1998. "Pneumococcal immune complexes in the diagnosis of lower respiratory infections in children." The Pediatric infectious disease journal 17 (11) doi:
Anttila T I, Lehtinen T, Leinonen M, Bloigu A, Koskela P, et al. 1998. "Serological evidence of an association between chlamydial infections and malignant lymphomas." British journal of haematology 103 (1) doi:
Lieberman D, Shvartzman P, Lieberman D, Ben-Yaakov M, Lazarovich Z, et al. 1998. "Etiology of respiratory tract infection in adults in a general practice setting." European journal of clinical microbiology & infectious diseases : official publication of the European Society of Clinical Microbiology 17 (10) doi:
Saikku P, Laitinen K, Leinonen M 1998. "Animal models for Chlamydia pneumoniae infection." Atherosclerosis 140 Suppl 1 doi:
Vuori E, Peltola H, Kallio M J, Leinonen M, Hedman K 1998. "Etiology of pneumonia and other common childhood infections requiring hospitalization and parenteral antimicrobial therapy. SE-TU Study Group." Clinical infectious diseases : an official publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America 27 (3) doi:
Puhakka T, Mäkelä M J, Alanen A, Kallio T, Korsoff L, et al. 1998. "Sinusitis in the common cold." The Journal of allergy and clinical immunology 102 (3) doi:
Halme S, von Hertzen L, Bloigu A, Kaprio J, Koskenvuo M, et al. 1998. "Chlamydia pneumoniae-specific cell-mediated and humoral immunity in healthy people." Scandinavian journal of immunology 47 (5) doi:
von Hertzen L, Surcel H M, Kaprio J, Koskenvuo M, Bloigu A, et al. 1998. "Immune responses to Chlamydia pneumoniae in twins in relation to gender and smoking." Journal of medical microbiology 47 (5) doi:
Ortqvist A, Hedlund J, Burman L A, Elbel E, Höfer M, et al. 1998. "Randomised trial of 23-valent pneumococcal capsular polysaccharide vaccine in prevention of pneumonia in middle-aged and elderly people. Swedish Pneumococcal Vaccination Study Group." Lancet 351 (9100) doi:
Mäkelä M J, Puhakka T, Ruuskanen O, Leinonen M, Saikku P, et al. 1998. "Viruses and bacteria in the etiology of the common cold." Journal of clinical microbiology 36 (2) doi:
Manninen R, Leinonen M, Huovinen P, Nissinen A 1998. "Reliability of disc diffusion susceptibility testing of Streptococcus pneumoniae and adjustment of laboratory-specific breakpoints. Finnish Study Group for Antimicrobial Resistance." The Journal of antimicrobial chemotherapy 41 (1) doi:
Anttila T, Leinonen M, Surcel H M, Von Hertzen L, Bloigu A, et al. 1998. "IgG subclass-specific antibodies in Chlamydia pneumoniae infections." Scandinavian journal of infectious diseases 30 (4) doi:
Laurila A L, Bloigu A, Näyhä S, Hassi J, Leinonen M, Saikku P 1998. "Chlamydia pneumoniae antibodies associated with altered serum lipid profile." International journal of circumpolar health 57 Suppl 1 doi:
Gray G C, McPhate D C, Leinonen M, Cassell G H, Deperalta E P, et al. 1998. "Weekly oral azithromycin as prophylaxis for agents causing acute respiratory disease." Clinical infectious diseases : an official publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America 26 (1) doi:
Trollfors B, Nylén O, Carenfelt C, Foglé-Hansson M, Freijd A, et al. 1998. "Aetiology of acute epiglottitis in adults." Scandinavian journal of infectious diseases 30 (1) doi:
Tharpe J A, Russell H, Leinonen M, Plikaytis B D, Breiman R F, et al. 1998. "Comparison of a pneumococcal common protein (PsaA) antibody ELISA and a PsaA immune complex ELISA for detection of pneumococcal serum antibody." Pathobiology : journal of immunopathology, molecular and cellular biology 66 (2) doi:

1997

Porath A, Schlaeffer F, Pick N, Leinonen M, Lieberman D 1997. "Pneumococcal community-acquired pneumonia in 148 hospitalized adult patients." European journal of clinical microbiology & infectious diseases : official publication of the European Society of Clinical Microbiology 16 (12) doi:
Laitinen K, Laurila A, Pyhälä L, Leinonen M, Saikku P 1997. "Chlamydia pneumoniae infection induces inflammatory changes in the aortas of rabbits." Infection and immunity 65 (11) doi:
Juvonen J, Surcel H M, Satta J, Teppo A M, Bloigu A, et al. 1997. "Elevated circulating levels of inflammatory cytokines in patients with abdominal aortic aneurysm." Arteriosclerosis, thrombosis, and vascular biology 17 (11) doi:
Laurila A, Bloigu A, Näyhä S, Hassi J, Leinonen M, Saikku P 1997. "Chronic Chlamydia pneumoniae infection is associated with a serum lipid profile known to be a risk factor for atherosclerosis." Arteriosclerosis, thrombosis, and vascular biology 17 (11) doi:
Koivula I, Stén M, Leinonen M, Mäkelä P H 1997. "Clinical efficacy of pneumococcal vaccine in the elderly: a randomized, single-blind population-based trial." The American journal of medicine 103 (4) doi:
Sankilampi U, Honkanen P O, Bloigu A, Leinonen M 1997. "Persistence of antibodies to pneumococcal capsular polysaccharide vaccine in the elderly." The Journal of infectious diseases 176 (4) doi:
Kark J D, Leinonen M, Paltiel O, Saikku P 1997. "Chlamydia pneumoniae and acute myocardial infarction in Jerusalem." International journal of epidemiology 26 (4) doi:
Halme S, Syrjälä H, Bloigu A, Saikku P, Leinonen M, et al. 1997. "Lymphocyte responses to Chlamydia antigens in patients with coronary heart disease." European heart journal 18 (7) doi:
Sankilampi U, Honkanen P O, Pyhälä R, Leinonen M 1997. "Associations of prevaccination antibody levels with adverse reactions to pneumococcal and influenza vaccines administered simultaneously in the elderly." Vaccine 15 (10) doi:
Laurila A, Bloigu A, Näyhä S, Hassi J, Leinonen M, Saikku P 1997. "Chlamydia pneumoniae and Helicobacter pylori infections in Sámi and Finnish reindeer herders." International journal of circumpolar health 56 (3) doi:
Rapola S, Salo E, Kiiski P, Leinonen M, Takala A K 1997. "Comparison of four different sampling methods for detecting pharyngeal carriage of Streptococcus pneumoniae and Haemophilus influenzae in children." Journal of clinical microbiology 35 (5) doi:
Korppi M, Heiskanen-Kosma T, Leinonen M 1997. "White blood cells, C-reactive protein and erythrocyte sedimentation rate in pneumococcal pneumonia in children." The European respiratory journal 10 (5) doi:
Von Hertzen L, Alakärppä H, Koskinen R, Liippo K, Surcel H M, et al. 1997. "Chlamydia pneumoniae infection in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease." Epidemiology and infection 118 (2) doi:
Sankilampi U, Isoaho R, Bloigu A, Kivelä S L, Leinonen M 1997. "Effect of age, sex and smoking habits on pneumococcal antibodies in an elderly population." International journal of epidemiology 26 (2) doi:
Juvonen J, Juvonen T, Laurila A, Alakärppä H, Lounatmaa K, et al. 1997. "Demonstration of Chlamydia pneumoniae in the walls of abdominal aortic aneurysms." Journal of vascular surgery 25 (3) doi:
Laurila A L, Anttila T, Läärä E, Bloigu A, Virtamo J, et al. 1997. "Serological evidence of an association between Chlamydia pneumoniae infection and lung cancer." International journal of cancer. Journal international du cancer 74 (1) doi:
Lankinen K S, Salo P, Rapola S, Salo E, Takala A K, Leinonen M 1997. "Pneumococcal capsular antigen detection after enrichment culture: an alternative to culture methods in epidemiologic research." The American journal of tropical medicine and hygiene 56 (2) doi:
Sankilampi U, Herva E, Haikala R, Liimatainen O, Renkonen O V, Leinonen M 1997. "Epidemiology of invasive Streptococcus pneumoniae infections in adults in Finland." Epidemiology and infection 118 (1) doi:
Laitinen K, Alakärppä H, Laurila A, Leinonen M 1997. "Animal models for Chlamydia pneumoniae infection." Scandinavian journal of infectious diseases. Supplementum 104 doi:
Kurtti P, Isoaho R, von Hertzen L, Keistinen T, Kivelä S L, Leinonen M 1997. "Influence of age, gender and smoking on Streptococcus pneumoniae, Haemophilus influenzae and Moraxella (Branhamella) catarrhalis antibody titres in an elderly population." Scandinavian journal of infectious diseases 29 (5) doi:

1996

Kaukoranta-Tolvanen S S, Ronni T, Leinonen M, Saikku P, Laitinen K 1996. "Expression of adhesion molecules on endothelial cells stimulated by Chlamydia pneumoniae." Microbial pathogenesis 21 (5) doi:10.1006/mpat.1996.0071
Puolakkainen M, Campbell L A, Kuo C C, Leinonen M, Grönhagen-Riska C, Saikku P 1996. "Serological response to Chlamydia pneumoniae in patients with sarcoidosis." The Journal of infection 33 (3) doi:
Kaukoranta-Tolvanen S S, Teppo A M, Laitinen K, Saikku P, Linnavuori K, Leinonen M 1996. "Growth of Chlamydia pneumoniae in cultured human peripheral blood mononuclear cells and induction of a cytokine response." Microbial pathogenesis 21 (3) doi:10.1006/mpat.1996.0056
O'Dempsey T J, McArdle T, Ceesay S J, Banya W A, Demba E, et al. 1996. "Immunization with a pneumococcal capsular polysaccharide vaccine during pregnancy." Vaccine 14 (10) doi:
von Hertzen L, Isoaho R, Leinonen M, Koskinen R, Laippala P, et al. 1996. "Chlamydia pneumoniae antibodies in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease." International journal of epidemiology 25 (3) doi:
Laitinen K, Laurila A L, Leinonen M, Saikku P 1996. "Reactivation of Chlamydia pneumoniae infection in mice by cortisone treatment." Infection and immunity 64 (4) doi:
Jero J, Virolainen A, Salo P, Leinonen M, Eskola J, Karma P 1996. "PCR assay for detecting Streptococcus pneumoniae in the middle ear of children with otitis media with effusion." Acta oto-laryngologica 116 (2) doi:
Sankilampi U, Honkanen P O, Bloigu A, Herva E, Leinonen M 1996. "Antibody response to pneumococcal capsular polysaccharide vaccine in the elderly." The Journal of infectious diseases 173 (2) doi:
Virolainen A, Jero J, Chattopadhyay P, Karma P, Eskola J, Leinonen M 1996. "Comparison of serum antibodies to pneumolysin with those to pneumococcal capsular polysaccharides in children with acute otitis media." The Pediatric infectious disease journal 15 (2) doi:
Takala A K, Vuopio-Varkila J, Tarkka E, Leinonen M, Musser J M 1996. "Subtyping of common pediatric pneumococcal serotypes from invasive disease and pharyngeal carriage in Finland." The Journal of infectious diseases 173 (1) doi:
Nieminen T, Virolainen A, Käyhty H, Jero J, Karma P, et al. 1996. "Antibody-secreting cells and their relation to humoral antibodies in serum and in nasopharyngeal aspirates in children with pneumococcal acute otitis media." The Journal of infectious diseases 173 (1) doi:
Lieberman D, Ben-Yaakov M, Lazarovich Z, Porath A, Schlaeffer F, et al. 1996. "Chlamydia pneumoniae community-acquired pneumonia: a review of 62 hospitalized adult patients." Infection 24 (2) doi:

1995

Kauppinen M T, Herva E, Kujala P, Leinonen M, Saikku P, Syrjälä H 1995. "The etiology of community-acquired pneumonia among hospitalized patients during a Chlamydia pneumoniae epidemic in Finland." The Journal of infectious diseases 172 (5) doi:
Capeding M R, Nohynek H, Sombrero L T, Pascual L G, Sunico E S, et al. 1995. "Evaluation of sampling sites for detection of upper respiratory tract carriage of Streptococcus pneumoniae and Haemophilus influenzae among healthy Filipino infants." Journal of clinical microbiology 33 (11) doi:
Idänpään-Heikkilä I, Muttilainen S, Wahlström E, Saarinen L, Leinonen M, et al. 1995. "The antibody response to a prototype liposome vaccine containing Neisseria meningitidis outer membrane protein P1 produced in Bacillus subtilis." Vaccine 13 (16) doi:
Virolainen A, Jero J, Käyhty H, Karma P, Eskola J, Leinonen M 1995. "Nasopharyngeal antibodies to pneumococcal pneumolysin in children with acute otitis media." Clinical and diagnostic laboratory immunology 2 (6) doi:
Virolainen A, Jero J, Käyhty H, Karma P, Leinonen M, Eskola J 1995. "Antibodies to pneumolysin and pneumococcal capsular polysaccharides in middle ear fluid of children with acute otitis media." Acta oto-laryngologica 115 (6) doi:
Virolainen A, Jero J, Käyhty H, Karma P, Leinonen M, Eskola J 1995. "Nasopharyngeal antibodies to pneumococcal capsular polysaccharides in children with acute otitis media." The Journal of infectious diseases 172 (4) doi:
von Hertzen L, Leinonen M, Surcel H M, Karjalainen J, Saikku P 1995. "Measurement of sputum antibodies in the diagnosis of acute and chronic respiratory infections associated with Chlamydia pneumoniae." Clinical and diagnostic laboratory immunology 2 (4) doi:
Paltiel O, Kark J D, Leinonen M, Saikku P 1995. "High prevalence of antibodies to Chlamydia pneumoniae; determinants of IgG and IgA seropositivity among Jerusalem residents." Epidemiology and infection 114 (3) doi:
Nohynek H, Eskola J, Kleemola M, Jalonen E, Saikku P, Leinonen M 1995. "Bacterial antibody assays in the diagnosis of acute lower respiratory tract infection in children." The Pediatric infectious disease journal 14 (6) doi:
Nohynek H, Valkeila E, Leinonen M, Eskola J 1995. "Erythrocyte sedimentation rate, white blood cell count and serum C-reactive protein in assessing etiologic diagnosis of acute lower respiratory infections in children." The Pediatric infectious disease journal 14 (6) doi:
Nissinen A, Leinonen M, Huovinen P, Herva E, Katila M L, et al. 1995. "Antimicrobial resistance of Streptococcus pneumoniae in Finland, 1987-1990." Clinical infectious diseases : an official publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America 20 (5) doi:
Kaukoranta-Tolvanen S E, Laurila A L, Saikku P, Leinonen M, Laitinen K 1995. "Experimental Chlamydia pneumoniae infection in mice: effect of reinfection and passive immunization." Microbial pathogenesis 18 (4) doi:
Salo P, Ortqvist A, Leinonen M 1995. "Diagnosis of bacteremic pneumococcal pneumonia by amplification of pneumolysin gene fragment in serum." The Journal of infectious diseases 171 (2) doi:
Helminen M E, Beach R, Maciver I, Jarosik G, Hansen E J, Leinonen M 1995. "Human immune response against outer membrane proteins of Moraxella (Branhamella) catarrhalis determined by immunoblotting and enzyme immunoassay." Clinical and diagnostic laboratory immunology 2 (1) doi:

1994

Lankinen K S, Leinonen M, Tupasi T E, Haikala R, Ruutu P 1994. "Pneumococci in nasopharyngeal samples from Filipino children with acute respiratory infections." Journal of clinical microbiology 32 (12) doi:
Virolainen A, Salo P, Jero J, Karma P, Eskola J, Leinonen M 1994. "Comparison of PCR assay with bacterial culture for detecting Streptococcus pneumoniae in middle ear fluid of children with acute otitis media." Journal of clinical microbiology 32 (11) doi:
Leinonen M 1994. "Serological diagnosis of pneumococcal pneumonia--will it ever become a clinical reality." Seminars in respiratory infections 9 (3) doi:
Burman L A, Leinonen M, Trollfors B 1994. "Use of serology to diagnose pneumonia caused by nonencapsulated Haemophilus influenzae and Moraxella catarrhalis." The Journal of infectious diseases 170 (1) doi:
Kaukoranta-Tolvanen S S, Laitinen K, Saikku P, Leinonen M 1994. "Chlamydia pneumoniae multiplies in human endothelial cells in vitro." Microbial pathogenesis 16 (4) doi:10.1006/mpat.1994.1032
Jauhiainen T, Tuomi T, Leinonen M, Kark J D, Saikku P 1994. "Interference of immunoglobulin G (IgG) antibodies in IgA antibody determinations of Chlamydia pneumoniae by microimmunofluorescence test." Journal of clinical microbiology 32 (3) doi:
Claesson B A, Leinonen M 1994. "Moraxella catarrhalis--an uncommon cause of community-acquired pneumonia in Swedish children." Scandinavian journal of infectious diseases 26 (4) doi:

1993

Leinonen M 1993. "Pathogenetic mechanisms and epidemiology of Chlamydia pneumoniae." European heart journal 14 Suppl K doi:
Ekman M R, Leinonen M, Syrjälä H, Linnanmäki E, Kujala P, Saikku P 1993. "Evaluation of serological methods in the diagnosis of Chlamydia pneumoniae pneumonia during an epidemic in Finland." European journal of clinical microbiology & infectious diseases : official publication of the European Society of Clinical Microbiology 12 (10) doi:
Kaukoranta-Tolvanen S S, Laurila A L, Saikku P, Leinonen M, Liesirova L, Laitinen K 1993. "Experimental infection of Chlamydia pneumoniae in mice." Microbial pathogenesis 15 (4) doi:10.1006/mpat.1993.1079
Mastro T D, Nomani N K, Ishaq Z, Ghafoor A, Shaukat N F, et al. 1993. "Use of nasopharyngeal isolates of Streptococcus pneumoniae and Haemophilus influenzae from children in Pakistan for surveillance for antimicrobial resistance." The Pediatric infectious disease journal 12 (10) doi:
Saikku P, Ruutu P, Leinonen M, Kleemola M, Paladin F, Tupasi T E 1993. "Mycoplasma pneumoniae and Chlamydia trachomatis in acute lower respiratory infections in Filipino children." The American journal of tropical medicine and hygiene 49 (1) doi:
Salo P, Närvänen A, Leinonen M 1993. "Mapping of immunoreactive sites of pneumococcal pneumolysin by use of synthetic peptides." Infection and immunity 61 (7) doi:
Virolainen A, Mäkelä M J, Esko E, Jero J, Alfthan G, et al. 1993. "New method to assess dilution of secretions for immunological and microbiological assays." Journal of clinical microbiology 31 (5) doi:
Surcel H M, Syrjälä H, Leinonen M, Saikku P, Herva E 1993. "Cell-mediated immunity to Chlamydia pneumoniae measured as lymphocyte blast transformation in vitro." Infection and immunity 61 (5) doi:
Riikonen P, Leinonen M, Jalanko H, Hovi L, Saarinen U M 1993. "Fever and neutropenia: bacterial etiology revealed by serological methods." Acta paediatrica (Oslo, Norway : 1992) 82 (4) doi:
Linnanmäki E, Leinonen M, Mattila K, Nieminen M S, Valtonen V, Saikku P 1993. "Chlamydia pneumoniae-specific circulating immune complexes in patients with chronic coronary heart disease." Circulation 87 (4) doi:
Korppi M, Heiskanen-Kosma T, Leinonen M, Halonen P 1993. "Antigen and antibody assays in the aetiological diagnosis of respiratory infection in children." Acta paediatrica (Oslo, Norway : 1992) 82 (2) doi:
Korppi M, Heiskanen-Kosma T, Jalonen E, Saikku P, Leinonen M, et al. 1993. "Aetiology of community-acquired pneumonia in children treated in hospital." European journal of pediatrics 152 (1) doi:

1992

Eskola J, Takala A K, Kela E, Pekkanen E, Kalliokoski R, Leinonen M 1992. "Epidemiology of invasive pneumococcal infections in children in Finland." JAMA : the journal of the American Medical Association 268 (23) doi:
Korppi M, Katila M L, Jääskeläinen J, Leinonen M 1992. "Role of non-capsulated Haemophilus influenzae as a respiratory pathogen in children." Acta paediatrica (Oslo, Norway : 1992) 81 (12) doi:
Korppi M, Katila M L, Jääskeläinen J, Leinonen M 1992. "Role of Moraxella (Branhamella) catarrhalis as a respiratory pathogen in children." Acta paediatrica (Oslo, Norway : 1992) 81 (12) doi:
Forgie I M, Campbell H, Lloyd-Evans N, Leinonen M, O'Neill K P, et al. 1992. "Etiology of acute lower respiratory tract infections in children in a rural community in The Gambia." The Pediatric infectious disease journal 11 (6) doi:
Ruuskanen O, Nohynek H, Ziegler T, Capeding R, Rikalainen H, et al. 1992. "Pneumonia in childhood: etiology and response to antimicrobial therapy." European journal of clinical microbiology & infectious diseases : official publication of the European Society of Clinical Microbiology 11 (3) doi:
Saikku P, Leinonen M, Tenkanen L, Linnanmäki E, Ekman M R, et al. 1992. "Chronic Chlamydia pneumoniae infection as a risk factor for coronary heart disease in the Helsinki Heart Study." Annals of internal medicine 116 (4) doi:
Korppi M, Koskela M, Jalonen E, Leinonen M 1992. "Serologically indicated pneumococcal respiratory infection in children." Scandinavian journal of infectious diseases 24 (4) doi:
Korppi M, Katila M L, Kalliokoski R, Leinonen M 1992. "Pneumococcal finding in a sample from upper airways does not indicate pneumococcal infection of lower airways." Scandinavian journal of infectious diseases 24 (4) doi:

1991

Takala A K, Eskola J, Leinonen M, Käyhty H, Nissinen A, et al. 1991. "Reduction of oropharyngeal carriage of Haemophilus influenzae type b (Hib) in children immunized with an Hib conjugate vaccine." The Journal of infectious diseases 164 (5) doi:
Rosario M, Capeding Z, Nohynek H, Ruutu P, Leinonen M 1991. "Evaluation of a new tube latex agglutination test for detection of type-specific pneumococcal antigens in urine." Journal of clinical microbiology 29 (9) doi:
Hakenbeck R, Briese T, Chalkley L, Ellerbrok H, Kalliokoski R, et al. 1991. "Variability of penicillin-binding proteins from penicillin-sensitive Streptococcus pneumoniae." The Journal of infectious diseases 164 (2) doi:
Hakenbeck R, Briese T, Chalkley L, Ellerbrok H, Kalliokoski R, et al. 1991. "Antigenic variation of penicillin-binding proteins from penicillin-resistant clinical strains of Streptococcus pneumoniae." The Journal of infectious diseases 164 (2) doi:
Nohynek H, Eskola J, Laine E, Halonen P, Ruutu P, et al. 1991. "The causes of hospital-treated acute lower respiratory tract infection in children." American journal of diseases of children (1960) 145 (6) doi:
Nohynek H, Teppo A M, Laine E, Leinonen M, Eskola J 1991. "Serum tumor necrosis factor-alpha concentrations in children hospitalized for acute lower respiratory tract infection." The Journal of infectious diseases 163 (5) doi:
Temple K, Greenwood B, Inskip H, Hall A, Koskela M, Leinonen M 1991. "Antibody response to pneumococcal capsular polysaccharide vaccine in African children." The Pediatric infectious disease journal 10 (5) doi:
Korppi M, Leinonen M, Mäkelä P H, Launiala K 1991. "Mixed infection is common in children with respiratory adenovirus infection." Acta paediatrica Scandinavica 80 (4) doi:
Klockars M, Kleemola M, Leinonen M, Koskela M 1991. "Serum adenosine deaminase in viral and bacterial pneumonia." Chest 99 (3) doi:
Forgie I M, O'Neill K P, Lloyd-Evans N, Leinonen M, Campbell H, et al. 1991. "Etiology of acute lower respiratory tract infections in Gambian children: I. Acute lower respiratory tract infections in infants presenting at the hospital." The Pediatric infectious disease journal 10 (1) doi:
Korppi M, Leinonen M, Koskela M, Mäkelä P H, Saikku P, Launiala K 1991. "Bacterial infection in under school age children with expiratory difficulty." Pediatric pulmonology 10 (4) doi:
Elenius V, Leinonen M, Airas K 1991. "Rod thresholds in dominantly inherited juvenile optic atrophy." Ophthalmologica. Journal international d'ophtalmologie. International journal of ophthalmology. Zeitschrift für Augenheilkunde 202 (4) doi:
Forgie I M, O'Neill K P, Lloyd-Evans N, Leinonen M, Campbell H, et al. 1991. "Etiology of acute lower respiratory tract infections in Gambian children: II. Acute lower respiratory tract infection in children ages one to nine years presenting at the hospital." The Pediatric infectious disease journal 10 (1) doi:

1990

Ortqvist A, Hedlund J, Grillner L, Jalonen E, Kallings I, et al. 1990. "Aetiology, outcome and prognostic factors in community-acquired pneumonia requiring hospitalization." The European respiratory journal 3 (10) doi:
Leinonen M, Linnanmäki E, Mattila K, Nieminen M S, Valtonen V, et al. 1990. "Circulating immune complexes containing chlamydial lipopolysaccharide in acute myocardial infarction." Microbial pathogenesis 9 (1) doi:
Korppi M, Leinonen M, Mäkelä P H, Launiala K 1990. "Bacterial involvement in parainfluenza virus infection in children." Scandinavian journal of infectious diseases 22 (3) doi:

1989

Hietala J, Uhari M, Tuokko H, Leinonen M 1989. "Mixed bacterial and viral infections are common in children." The Pediatric infectious disease journal 8 (10) doi:
Korppi M, Leinonen M, Koskela M, Mäkelä P H, Launiala K 1989. "Bacterial coinfection in children hospitalized with respiratory syncytial virus infections." The Pediatric infectious disease journal 8 (10) doi:
Jalonen E, Paton J C, Koskela M, Kerttula Y, Leinonen M 1989. "Measurement of antibody responses to pneumolysin--a promising method for the presumptive aetiological diagnosis of pneumococcal pneumonia." The Journal of infection 19 (2) doi:
Saukkonen K, Leinonen M, Abdillahi H, Poolman J T 1989. "Comparative evaluation of potential components for group B meningococcal vaccine by passive protection in the infant rat and in vitro bactericidal assay." Vaccine 7 (4) doi:

1988

Saikku P, Leinonen M, Mattila K, Ekman M R, Nieminen M S, et al. 1988. "Serological evidence of an association of a novel Chlamydia, TWAR, with chronic coronary heart disease and acute myocardial infarction." Lancet 2 (8618) doi:
Lehtomäki K, Leinonen M, Takala A, Hovi T, Herva E, Koskela M 1988. "Etiological diagnosis of pneumonia in military conscripts by combined use of bacterial culture and serological methods." European journal of clinical microbiology & infectious diseases : official publication of the European Society of Clinical Microbiology 7 (3) doi:
Saukkonen K M, Nowicki B, Leinonen M 1988. "Role of type 1 and S fimbriae in the pathogenesis of Escherichia coli O18:K1 bacteremia and meningitis in the infant rat." Infection and immunity 56 (4) doi:

1987

Leinonen M, Saikku P, Nurminen M, Lassus A 1987. "Enzyme immunoassay and enzyme-linked fluoroimmunoassay for detection of Chlamydia trachomatis antigen." European journal of clinical microbiology 6 (6) doi:
Elenius V, Leinonen M 1987. "Visual thresholds measured with red test object on backgrounds of high and low luminance." Acta ophthalmologica 65 (6) doi:
Saukkonen K, Abdillahi H, Poolman J T, Leinonen M 1987. "Protective efficacy of monoclonal antibodies to class 1 and class 3 outer membrane proteins of Neisseria meningitidis B:15:P1.16 in infant rat infection model: new prospects for vaccine development." Microbial pathogenesis 3 (4) doi:
Heikkilä R, Takala A, Käyhty H, Leinonen M 1987. "Latex agglutination test for screening of Haemophilus influenzae type b carriers." Journal of clinical microbiology 25 (6) doi:
Eskola J, Takala A, Käyhty H, Leinonen M, Kilpi T, et al. 1987. "Secondary cases of invasive disease caused by spread of Haemophilus influenzae type b." The Journal of infection 14 (3) doi:
Kerttula Y, Leinonen M, Koskela M, Mäkelä P H 1987. "The aetiology of pneumonia. Application of bacterial serology and basic laboratory methods." The Journal of infection 14 (1) doi:

1986

Rautonen J, Siimes M A, Lundström U, Pettay O, Lanning M, et al. 1986. "Vaccination of children during treatment for leukemia." Acta paediatrica Scandinavica 75 (4) doi:
Elenius V, Leinonen M 1986. "Photopic tangential perimetry." Acta ophthalmologica 64 (2) doi:
Saukkonen K, Haltia M, Frosch M, Bitter-Süerman D, Leinonen M 1986. "Antibodies to the capsular polysaccharide of Neisseria meningitidis group B or E. coli K1 bind to the brains of infant rats in vitro but not in vivo." Microbial pathogenesis 1 (1) doi:
Leinonen M, Säkkinen A, Kalliokoski R, Luotonen J, Timonen M, Mäkelä P H 1986. "Antibody response to 14-valent pneumococcal capsular polysaccharide vaccine in pre-school age children." Pediatric infectious disease 5 (1) doi:
Koskela M, Leinonen M, Häivä V M, Timonen M, Mäkelä P H 1986. "First and second dose antibody responses to pneumococcal polysaccharide vaccine in infants." Pediatric infectious disease 5 (1) doi:

1985

Nikoskelainen J, Koskela M, Forsström J, Kasanen A, Leinonen M 1985. "Persistence of antibodies to pneumococcal vaccine in patients with chronic renal failure." Kidney international 28 (4) doi:
Puolakkainen M, Saikku P, Leinonen M, Nurminen M, Väänänen P, Mäkelä P H 1985. "Comparative sensitivity of different serological tests for detecting chlamydial antibodies in perihepatitis." Journal of clinical pathology 38 (8) doi:
Pere A, Leinonen M, Väisänen-Rhen V, Rhen M, Korhonen T K 1985. "Occurrence of type-1C fimbriae on Escherichia coli strains isolated from human extraintestinal infections." Journal of general microbiology 131 (7) doi:

1984

Nurminen M, Wahlström E, Kleemola M, Leinonen M, Saikku P, Mäkelä P H 1984. "Immunologically related ketodeoxyoctonate-containing structures in Chlamydia trachomatis, Re mutants of Salmonella species, and Acinetobacter calcoaceticus var. anitratus." Infection and immunity 44 (3) doi:
Puolakkainen M, Saikku P, Leinonen M, Nurminen M, Väänänen P, Mäkelä P H 1984. "Chlamydial pneumonitis and its serodiagnosis in infants." The Journal of infectious diseases 149 (4) doi:

1983

Finne J, Leinonen M, Mäkelä P H 1983. "Antigenic similarities between brain components and bacteria causing meningitis. Implications for vaccine development and pathogenesis." Lancet 2 (8346) doi:
Nurminen M, Leinonen M, Saikku P, Mäkelä P H 1983. "The genus-specific antigen of Chlamydia: resemblance to the lipopolysaccharide of enteric bacteria." Science (New York, N.Y.) 220 (4603) doi:
Malkamäki M, Honkanen E, Leinonen M, Mäkelä P H 1983. "Branhamella catarrhalis as a cause of bacteremic pneumonia." Scandinavian journal of infectious diseases 15 (1) doi:
Mäkelä P H, Karma P, Sipilä M, Pukander J, Leinonen M 1983. "Possibilities of preventing otitis media by vaccination." Scandinavian journal of infectious diseases. Supplementum 39 doi:
Herva E, Leinonen M, Käyhty H, Mäkelä P H, Vetoniemi-Korhonen S L 1983. "Recurrent meningococcal meningitis due to partial complement defects and poor anti-meningococcal antibody response." The Journal of infection 6 (1) doi:

1982

Leinonen M 1982. "Antibody responses against pneumococcal polysaccharide antigens in vaccinated persons." Annals of clinical research 14 (5-6) doi:
Leinonen M, Frasch C E 1982. "Class-specific antibody response to group B Neisseria meningitidis capsular polysaccharide: use of polylysine precoating in an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay." Infection and immunity 38 (3) doi:
Ruokonen A, Koskinen M, Leinonen M, Tiilikainen A, Vihko R 1982. "Screening of bacteria in urine using luciferin-luciferase assay of microbial ATP: a comparative study." Annals of clinical biochemistry 19 (6) doi:
Nurmi T, Leinonen M, Häivä V M, Tiilikainen A, Kouvalainen K 1982. "Antibody response to pneumococcal vaccine in patients with trisomy-21 (Down's syndrome)." Clinical and experimental immunology 48 (2) doi:
Nurmio P, Remes E, Talanti S, Jussila J, Leinonen M 1982. "Familial undulatory nystagmus in Ayrshire bulls in Finland." Nordisk veterinaermedicin 34 (4-5) doi:
Koskela M, Leinonen M, Luotonen J 1982. "Serum antibody response to pneumococcal otitis media." Pediatric infectious disease 1 (4) doi:
Pönkä A, Leinonen M 1982. "Adverse reactions to polyvalent pneumococcal vaccine." Scandinavian journal of infectious diseases 14 (1) doi:

1981

Leinonen M, Luotonen J, Herva E, Valkonen K, Mäkelä P H 1981. "Preliminary serologic evidence for a pathogenic role of Branhamella catarrhalis." The Journal of infectious diseases 144 (6) doi:
Luotonen J, Herva E, Karma P, Timonen M, Leinonen M, Mäkelä P H 1981. "The bacteriology of acute otitis media in children with special reference to Streptococcus pneumoniae as studied by bacteriological and antigen detection methods." Scandinavian journal of infectious diseases 13 (3) doi:
Mäkelä P H, Leinonen M, Pukander J, Karma P 1981. "A study of the pneumococcal vaccine in prevention of clinically acute atttacks of recurrent otitis media." Reviews of infectious diseases 3 Suppl doi:
Koskela M, Leinonen M 1981. "Comparison of ELISA and RIA for measurement of pneumococcal antibodies before and after vaccination with 14-valent pneumococcal capsular polysaccharide vaccine." Journal of clinical pathology 34 (1) doi:

1980

Mäkelä P H, Sibakov M, Herva E, Henrichsen J, Luotonen J, et al. 1980. "Pneumococcal vaccine and otitis media." Lancet 2 (8194) doi:
Karma P, Luotonen J, Timonen M, Pöntynen S, Pukander J, et al. 1980. "Efficacy of pneumococcal vaccination against recurrent otitis media. Preliminary results of a field trial in Finland." The Annals of otology, rhinology & laryngology. Supplement 89 (3 Pt 2) doi:

1979

Leinonen M, Sivonen A 1979. "Serological grouping of meningococci and encapsulated Haemophilus influenzae strains by latex agglutination." Journal of clinical microbiology 10 (4) doi:
Ryhänen P, Leinonen M, Koskela M, Hollmén A, Nuutinen L, et al. 1979. "Are changes in serum immunoglobulin and complement levels following open heart surgery influenced by oxygenator type or postoperative parenteral nutrition?" Annals of clinical research 11 (1) doi:

1978

Leinonen M, Käyhty H 1978. "Comparison of counter-current immunoelectrophoresis, latex agglutination, and radioimmunoassay in detection of soluble capsular polysaccharide antigens of Haemophilus influenzae type b and Neisseria meningitidis of groups A or C." Journal of clinical pathology 31 (12) doi:

1977

Leinonen M, Herva E 1977. "The latex agglutination test for the diagnosis of meningococcal and haemophilus influenzae meningitis." Scandinavian journal of infectious diseases 9 (3) doi: